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Posts for tag: teeth

By contactus@laserdentistmichigan.com
February 17, 2014
Category: New Products
Tags: teeth   whitening   bleaching  

                                                                                                    

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By contactus@laserdentistmichigan.com
November 20, 2012
Category: Dental Health
Tags: plaque   biofilm   teeth   disease  

 

What Is Biofilm?

You may not be familiar with the term biofilm, but it is something that you come into contact with every day. The plaque that forms on your teeth and causes tooth decay and periodontal disease is a type of biofilm. Clogged drains also are caused by biofilm, and you may have encountered biofilm-coated rocks when walking into a river or stream. Biofilms form when bacteria adhere to surfaces in some form of watery environment and begin to excrete a slimy, gluelike substance that can stick to all kinds of surfaces–metals, plastics, soil particles, medical implant materials and oral tissues. Biofilms can be formed by a single bacterial species, but biofilms more often consist of many species of bacteria, as well as fungi, algae, protozoa, debris, and corrosion products. Essentially, a biofilm may form on any surface exposed to bacteria and some amount of water.

Antibiotic Control of Biofilm

Although gum disease can be controlled by proper oral hygiene (toothbrushing, flossing, rinsing), gingivitis is present in almost  all of the US population at some point in life. Treatment of oral infections requires removal of the biofilm and calculus (tartar) from the teeth and gums by surgical or nonsurgical procedures, sometimes followed by antibiotic therapy. Unfortunately, these infections are not completely responsive to antibiotics. For this reason, oral infections are chronic diseases that require ongoing treatment and daily care by proper oral hygiene measures. Prevention is the best strategy.

When good oral hygiene practices fail to prevent the development of biofilms, toothpastes and mouthwashes with chemotherapeutic agents can be used. As well as Xylitol, Waterpiks and electric tooth brushes like Sonicare. Some rinses can help kill microorganisms in the biofilm. Chlorhexidine, triclosan, and essential oils and minerals–agents proven to kill the harmful bacteria–can reduce the degree of plaque and gingivitis, while not allowing disease-causing microorganisms to colonize. Xylitol slows the reproduction of strep bacteria as well as reduces the adhesive capability of the bactieria making it hard for them to 'stick'.

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